Varun Blog writer
November 14, 2022
Est. Reading: 5 minutes

5 Major Teenagers Health Risks

Today's teenagers face more health risks than ever before. Teenagers experience greater amounts of stress than in previous years, and the risk of suicide is rising as a result of factors like accidents, violence, mental health, alcohol and drug addiction, and many more.

For parents and caregivers, this involves having challenging talks with their increasingly autonomous children about making wise health-care and safety decisions. If you're one of those parents or other adults who care for an adolescent, prepare yourself with knowledge about these 5 major health problems that will affect teenagers as well as methods for surviving puberty.

Key Details

  • Over 1.5 million children, teenagers, and youngsters between 10 to 24 years old has died in the year 2020; this equates to over 5000 deaths every day.
  • Young teenagers aged 10-14 years had the lowest risk of mortality across all age groups.
  • The top causes of mortality among teenagers and young adults include accidents (particularly those from car accidents and drowning), violence, self-harm, and alcohol, drugs, and addiction.
  • Half of adult mental health illnesses start before the age of 14, however the majority of cases go undiagnosed and untreated.
  • Early initiation of drug use is connected with increased chances of developing dependency and other difficulties later in life, and young individuals are disproportionately impacted by drug use compared to older individuals.

1: Vehicle Accidents

In the US, fatalities of teenagers are most often caused by automobile accidents. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), seven teenagers between the ages of 16 and 19 died in automobile accidents every day, while others get severe injury treatment in emergency departments.

The risk of death or disability in an automobile accident is higher for teenagers between the ages of 16 and 19. Understanding the causes of adolescent automobile accidents is essential before letting your child behind the wheel. These include:

Teenagers' lack of experience: Compared to more professional drivers, teenagers are less aware of unsafe scenarios and have less-developed driving reflexes.

Speeding: It is more common among teenagers, as is following too closely behind the automobile in front of them.

Use of safety belts: Below sixty percent of high school teenagers buckle up every time they get into a vehicle they drive or ride in. In fact, approximately half of teenage drivers that died in vehicle accidents during 2017 did not wear a seat belt.

Drunk driving: According to statistics, 1 in 20 teenagers report drinking and driving, and 1 in 6 have experienced riding in a vehicle with an intoxicated driver.

2: Violence

Interpersonal violence is a major cause of mortality amongst children, adolescents, and young adults all around the world. By global region, it is much more or less well-known. In low- and middle-income nations within the WHO Region of the Americas, it is the main reason for death among male adolescents. The worldwide school-based student health survey found that 42% of teenage males and 37% of teenage girls had experienced bullying in school. Youth are also disproportionately impacted by sexual violence: 1 in 8 adolescents report having sexual assault.

The chances of injury, HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, mental health issues, poor academic performance and dropouts, early pregnancy, issues with reproductive health, and communicable and noncommunicable illnesses are all increased by violence in adolescence.

Effective preventive and response tactics include encouraging responsible parenting and early childhood development, tackling bullying prevention at schools, developing life and social skills workshops, and implementing community-based efforts to restrict the availability of alcohol and guns. The physical and psychological effects of teenage abuse survivors could be minimized with effective and compassionate treatment, which includes continuous support.

3. Mental health.

Depression is one of the primary causes of sickness and impairment among teenagers, and suicide is the second greatest cause of mortality among those aged 15 to 19. Mental health problems account for 16% of the worldwide burden of illness and injury in persons aged 10 to 19. Half of adult mental health illnesses begin before the age of 14, however the majority of cases go undiagnosed and untreated.

The happiness and psychological wellbeing of teenagers are influenced by a variety of circumstances. Living in humanitarian and vulnerable environments, experiencing violence, poverty, stigma, marginalization, and other factors can all raise one's risk of mental health issues. If teenage mental health problems are not treated, the effects may last into adulthood, affecting both physical and mental health and reducing prospects for people to lead fulfilling lifestyles.

It is possible to encourage excellent mental health in children and adolescents by developing their socioemotional abilities by offering them psychosocial support in educational as well as other community - based settings. Programs that assist enhance the standard of homes and foster stronger family relationships with teenagers are also crucial. If issues do emerge, they should be quickly identified and handled by skilled and compassionate healthcare professionals.

4: Suicide

Teenage suicide is the second most common cause of death. The number of adolescent suicides rose by 56% between 2007 and 2017. According to statistics, 1 in 11 high school students make an attempt to suicide.

Loneliness, depression, familial troubles, and drug abuse disorder are all risk factors for suicide. The problems are complex, and they often originate from a number of different factors. Teenagers who communicate well with at least one adult had lower risk of depression & engage in dangerous conduct.

Discover the warning indicators of adolescent suicidal thinking, which include:

  • a burdensome feeling
  • being alone.
  • rising anxiety
  • feeling confined or in severe agony
  • increased usage of drugs.
  • attempting to find a method to get lethal weaponry.
  • rising fury or anger.
  • extreme changes in mood.
  • expressing a lack of hope
  • sleeping excessively or too little.
  • expressing a desire to die or making these statements publicly.
  • planning to commit suicide.

If you are concerned that your kid may be considering hurting themselves in any way, you should ask them if they're having suicidal thoughts, express your worries about their behavior, listen very carefully without passing judgment, reassure them that they've been addressed and that they are not alone, and advise them to get treatment from a trained expert.

5: Alcohol, Drug, Tobacco use

Teenage alcohol use is a major issue in many nations. It can weaken self-control and encourage harmful behaviors like unsafe sex or reckless driving. It is a root cause of injuries (particularly those brought on by vehicle accidents), violence, and early demise. It is also associated with an increased risk of developing health problems in the future & reduces one's life expectancy. Around the world, 155 million teenagers, or more than a quarter of all those between the ages of 15 and 19, now drink. Adolescents between the ages of 15 and 19 years old were 13.6% more likely to engage in excessive drinking during 2016.

Cannabis is the most often used psychoactive drug amongst youth, with 4.7% of those between the ages of 15 and 16 reporting using it at least once in 2018. The intake of alcohol and other drugs by adolescents and young people is linked to neurocognitive changes that may subsequently result in behavioral, emotional, social, and academic issues.

Public health initiatives that focus on preventing alcohol and drug usage may include population-based strategies and interventions, as well as initiatives that are conducted at the personal, family, community, and institutional levels. One of the most effective ways to reduce teen drinking is to establish a minimum age for purchasing and consuming liquor and also to stop marketing to children.

Several smokers today started when they were teenagers, which makes up a large percentage of the population. Important steps include preventing the sale of tobacco products to children (those under the age of 18), raising the cost of tobacco products via higher taxes, outlawing tobacco advertising, and promoting smoke-free environments. Around the world, at least 1 in 10 teenagers between the ages of 13 and 15 smoke, while there are places in the world where this number is far higher.

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